Colonialism, Competition, and you will White Purity in the Finnish Pupils’s Books: Anni Swan’s 1920s’ Serial “Uutisasukkaana Austraaliassa”

19 Marzo 2023

Colonialism, Competition, and you will White Purity in the Finnish Pupils’s Books: Anni Swan’s 1920s’ Serial “Uutisasukkaana Austraaliassa”


So it chapter is targeted on colonialism, competition, and you will White innocence within the Finnish 1920s’ children’s literary works, arguing you to kid’s literature was an influential channel by which colonial discourse and public colonial imagination are produced, consumed, and you may released inside the Finland throughout the later 19th and you will early twentieth 100 years. By way of example of such literature, Merivirta explores the fresh Finnish children’s author Anni Swan’s serial “Uutisasukkaana Austraaliassa” (“Lifestyle while the Settlers in australia”, 1926). The latest serial illustrates a good Finnish settler family members’ lifestyle inside the Queensland, targeting its experiences with Basic Nations some body. The latest part explores how colonialism and you will battle about Australian framework are portrayed and you will racial and you will social hierarchies constructed when you look at the Swan’s text message. The latest section signifies that Swan’s text moves a few common Western european and you will American colonial tropes and you can depicts Finnish settler colonialism in the Australian continent once the innocent and you can noncolonial.


  • Swan, Anni
  • Beecher-Stowe, Harriet
  • “Uutisasukkaana Austraaliassa”
  • Arnellin perhe
  • Colonialism
  • Race
  • Racialization
  • Racial ladder
  • Children’s literature

In this chapter, the main focus is on cultural colonialism when you look at the Finland. We explore the quintessential influential station through which colonial commentary, the public colonial creativeness, and you can colonial pictures are designed, consumed, and you will circulated about late 19th and you may very early twentieth century: literary works handled to students and young readers. For instance of such Finnish child’s books, We take a look at what “Uutisasukkaana Austraaliassa” (“Life style because Settlers around australia”, 1926) because of the seminal Finnish child’s and you may teens creator Anni Swan (1875–1958). The focus throughout the chapter is on the question away from how colonialism and competition regarding the Australian framework try illustrated in Swan’s text.

A number of studies have shown that (British) children’s literature is actually an excellent means of disseminating imperialist ideology in the fresh later nineteenth and you may very early twentieth centuries. Footnote step 1 That time away from 1860–1930 is called the fresh “Golden Decades” out of Uk child’s books; not insignificantly, you to Golden Ages coincided towards period of highest imperialism. Imperialist and colonialist children’s literary works normalized and naturalized a keen imperialist industry purchase and you will colonialism, encouraging customers to just accept which ideology as well as the philosophy one to came in it. When you find yourself United kingdom kid’s literary works of one’s Wonderful Many years is actually an alternate case, in this they spread globally within the performs ranging from Rudyard Kipling’s The fresh new Forest Guide (1894) in order to J. Meters. Barrie’s Peter and you may Wendy (1911), the newest event alone was not limited by Great britain: the age of large imperialism noticed the introduction of posting having students various other European countries too. Footnote dos On later 19th millennium onward, British children’s literary works has also been the first source of translations from children’s books towards Finnish, with exceeded translations out-of Italian language, hence dominated prior to. Footnote step 3 Perhaps unavoidably, up coming, imperialist and you can colonialist discourses crept on pages off kid’s literature when you look at the Finland too, in which a great literary society into the Finnish had been created in this new late nineteenth and early twentieth-century.

I suggest that even though Finns, more often than not, did not be “productive colonisers” on narrowest sense of the expression, Finnish (children’s) brains have been “colonised” from the imperialist and colonialist ideology running through a good part from European child’s books on change of one’s twentieth century. Footnote 4 Training and you can civilizing Finnish people and you may young people was a central consider the project of making an enlightened Finnish nation. Since the literature inside Finnish was still bringing its child tips, translations from other (Western) Eu dialects starred a critical character for the development Finnish children’s books, and you can performed given that a publishing college to own Finnish publishers during the go out. Footnote 5 Anni Swan, for instance, interpreted Grimm’s fairy-tales, Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Activities from inside the Wonderland, and you will H. Driver Haggard’s adventure book King Solomon’s Mines. Translations from other Eu dialects influenced child’s tales printed in Finnish, Footnote six but really that it area from literary studies remains mainly uncharted. Possibly as Finns will claim exceptionality and purity with regard to help you colonialism and you will imperialism, the brand new colonialist areas of Finnish children’s literature possess remained understudied. By means of a study of Swan’s “Uutisasukkaana Austraaliassa”, it section means that Finnish children’s literature too was influenced by the colonial discourses in addition to colonial fictional: Swan’s text message circulates a number of common European and you can American colonial tropes in you will need to portray Finns as the White and Eu.